The ColorMunki Smile is a basic monitor calibration tool that works with both LCD and LED monitors. Most monitors do not show colors accurately with their out of the box settings and this tool is used to configure monitors so that the colors shown on the display is as accurate as possible.

This is very important for people who work professionally with photos and video, such as professional photographers and video editors, as they need know exactly what the content they are working on looks like.

My interest in the ColorMunki Smile is for a slightly different reason, I use two 27-inch Dell monitors on my computer, the S2716DG and the SE2717H, and as they are positioned right next to each other the difference in their color calibration was very apparent and abrasive to look at.

Using the ColorMunki Smile is very simple, you plug the device’s cable into a USB port and then start the included software that guides you through the configuration process. The device has sensors on its one side that need to be placed in an area in the center of the screen (as indicated by the ColorMunki Software) and the USB cable is long enough and equipped with a counter weight, so it can easily be hung over the top of the screen and positioned correctly. The software will then start the calibration process that takes several minutes to complete and when done a reference image will be shown comparing the before and after results. This comparison showed me that one of my monitors leaned more into the yellow spectrum while the other leaned into the blue spectrum. This process completely rectified the color discrepancy between my monitors.

At the time of this post the ColorMunki Smile costs $85(USD), making it one of the least expensive monitor calibration tools. It is however a very basic and entry level solution that is most probably not appropriate for professionals who are extremely dependent on their monitors being perfectly calibrated, but for everyone else it greatly improves the color accuracy for most monitors compared to their default configuration.



About a month ago I upgraded from my old Faithful 3770k, running on the Z77 MSI MPower motherboard with 32GB DDR3 1866Mhz ram to the following:

  • Intel i9 9900k
  • 32GB HyperX 3466Mhz DDR4 RAM
  • Samsung Evo 970 500GB NVME
  • Intel Optane for my Primary Spinning Disk (a Seagate Barracuda 4TB)
  • Corsair Obsidian 750D
  • Corsair H150i All-In-One Water-Cooling Loop
  • Corsair RM1000x PSU

I have 13.5 TB of storage in total of which 500GB is NVME and 1TB is SSD.

The below CrystalDiskMark results show the difference Intel Optane makes, both benchmarks were run on Seagate Barracuda 4TB Drives, one with Optane enabled and one without:

Without Optane:


With Optane:


The difference in performance between the two drives is actually astounding.


I am still running my GTX 1080 for the time being, however I did upgrade my Primary monitor to the Dell S2716DG, a 1440p 144Hz G-Sync monitor.

This was really a worthwhile upgrade and the new PC is performing great.

Here are some photos of my new setup:




Explore/Create is the memoirs of Richard Garriott, it tells the story of his life, from being the creator of the Ultima Games and starting Origin Systems with his brother, to his adventures in the arctic, visiting shipwrecks under the sea, and even his trip to space when he visited the International Space Station.

I am a huge fan of the Ultima games, a series of truly revolutionary PC role-playing games that were released between the early 1980s to the late 1990s. Each iteration in the Ultima series bought about something brand new, not only to the series but quite often to electronic gaming as a whole, for example the concept of morals and consequence that was introduced in Ultima 4, and to my knowledge this was the first time these kinds of topics had every really been addressed in a video game.  Or Ultima 7 that had the most realistic and immersive game world at the time, it is the first game I had ever seen where you could pick wheat in a field, grind it in a mill, then add water and bake a bread.

The Book also covers Richard’s many adventures, going places like the arctic, the amazon and even visiting the wreck of the Titanic.  And how he eventually followed in his father’s footsteps, astronaut Owen K. Garriott, when he traveled into space as a private astronaut with Roscosmos, becoming the second second-generation astronaut in history.

This book is a truly enjoyable and inspiring read and shows the full and rich life of a true polymath. I cannot recommend this book enough, so do yourself a favour and pick it up.




Batman: Gotham by Gaslight is a 2018 animated movie produced by Warner Bros Animation and DC Entertainment and is based on a one-off graphic novel by Brian Augustyn and Mike Mignola (originally published in 1989). The story forms part of the DC Else World series which places known characters in different timelines or realities and does not form part of the main DC universe continuity.

The story takes place in a Victorian era Gotham city sometime in the 19th century, which is strongly styled after London during the Victorian times. The story revolves around a killer, Jack the Ripper, who is terrorizing Gotham city and how the Batman is trying to apprehend him.

Various familiar characters make an appearance such as Poison Ivy, James Gordon and Hugo Strange, but they all take on different roles than the ones we know them for. For example, young Tim Drake, Dick Grayson and Jason Todd are in a street gang known as the Robins.

The movie is beautifully animated as with most DC animated movies and the voice acting is outstanding, Bruce Wayne\Batman is voiced by Bruce Greenwood, who does an exceptional job, however I do always find it slightly jarring when Batman is voiced by anyone other than Kevin Conroy.

This movie is immensely engaging and does a great job of bringing the graphic novel to life. It does have a major plot twist, that I will not spoil, that adds a real sense of surprise to how the story ends.

It is a great movie for Batman and DC Animated Universe fans and is a really enjoyable watching experience.



LINQ or Language Integrated Query is part of the Microsoft .NET Framework and it adds native data querying capabilities to .NET languages.

LINQ allows the user to query:

  • Objects in Memory (i.e. collections such as lists) using LINQ to Objects
  • Databases using LINQ to Entities
  • XML using LINQ to XML
  • ADO.Net Datasets using LINQ to Datasets

LINQ can either be implemented using predefined extension methods or alternatively using LINQ Query Operators.

Below are three examples utilising LINQ Extension methods:

In this example a list of Book objects is filtered to return only the Objects where the price is less than 10.

List<Book> cheapBooks = books.Where(b=>b.Price < 10);


In this example a list of Book objects is filtered to return only the Objects where the price is less than 10 and additionally the newly created list of Book objects is sorted alphabetically based on the Title field.

List<Book> cheapBooks = books.Where(b=>b.Price < 10).OrderBy(b.Title);


In this example the cheapBooks list is filtered to only return the Titles of the books therein and these Titles are then inserted into a new list of strings.

List<string> cheapBooksTitles = cheapBooks.Select(b=>b.Title);


Multiple extension methods can be combined to ascertain the desired results, for example:

List<string> cheapBooksTitles = books.Where(b=>b.Price).OrderBy(b.Title);


LINQ query operators tend to be slightly more verbose, and the above example can be implemented with query operators as follows:

List<string> cheapBooksTitles = from b in books
                         where b.Price < 10
                         orderby b.Title
                         select b.Title;


Some common extension methods are:


var book = books.Single(b=>b.Title == ”Building Robots”);

Returns a single object that matches the defined criteria. However note that in the event that none or more than one book matches the criteria specified an exception will be thrown.



var book = books.SingleOrDefault(b=>b.Title == ”Building Robots”);

Returns a single object that matches the defined criteria, if more than one book matches the criteria specified an exception will be thrown, however if no books match the criteria the default value defined will be returned.



Returns the first object that matches the criteria, however if no matches are found an exception is thrown.



Returns the first object that matches the criteria and if no match is found the default value will be returned.



Returns the last object that matches the criteria, however if no matches are found an exception is thrown.



Returns the last object that matches the criteria and if no match is found the default value will be returned.



var maxValue = books.Max(b=>b.Price);

Max is used with numeric values and will return the highest value that is contained in the Price field in the Book objects.



var minValue = books.Min(b=>b.Price);

Min is another operation used with numeric values and will return the smallest value that is contained in the Price field in the Book objects.



var totalPrice = books.Sum(b=>b.Price);

Sum is used to add up all the values in a numeric field.


There are many other methods available to filter and manipulate data in LINQ and the possibilities for the utilisation of LINQ are nearly endless, for example

var bookSelection = books.Skip(2).Take(3);

The above example will skip the first two books in the books list and take the next three placing them into the newly created bookSelection list.

The best option to gain a better insight of what is possible with LINQ is to give it a try.



A lambda expression is a function definition with no name, no access modifier and no return statement. Lambda expressions are also known as Anonymous methods or functions.

The syntax for the definition of a lambda expressions is as follows:

(arguments) => expression

The below C# code does not use lambda expressions and is given as a comparative reference point:

static int SquareNumber(int number)
   return number*number;

static void Main(string[] args)
   Int y = SquareNumber(10);
   Console.WriteLine(y); // This will display 100

The above code can be refactored using a lambda expression as follows:

static void Main(string[] args)

   Func<int,int> square = number=>number*number;
   Console.WriteLine(square(10)); // This will display 100


The result of this refactor is fewer lines of code in order to achieve the same result.

Lambda expressions can also make use of Delegates as shows here:

delegate int squareDelegate (int number);

static void Main(string[] args)
   squareDelegate square = number=>number*number;
   Console.WriteLine(square(10)); // This will display 100


The syntax for a lambda expression that takes no arguments is as follows:


For one argument:


For more than one argument:



Lambda expressions can also be very effectively used with objects that implement the IEnumerable and IQueryable interfaces to filter or search based on defined criteria, for example:

var highPriceList = PriceList.FindAll(a=>a.Price>10);

This will return all items with a price larger than 10, and place these items in the highPriceList.


var nyCustomers = Customers.Where(a=>a.City==”New York”);

This will place all customers with the city property set to “New York” into the nyCustomers collections.

Lambda expressions are an extremely useful tool with many other uses.



The Fire 10 HD is a tablet computer developed by Android. The one we are looking at today is the most recent iteration of this tablet, the 7th generation which was released in 2017.

The Fire 10 HD is a 10.1-inch tablet with a screen to body ration of approximately 71%. The screen is a 1920 x 1200 IPS LCD panel with a 16:10 screen ration and a screen density of 224 ppi. The screen is by far the best part of this tablet, it is bright, crisp and has a very large viewing angle.

 The Fire 10 HD has a Quad-core processor consisting of two 1.8GHz Cortex-A72 cores and two 1.4 GHz Cortex-A53 cores, making the tablet feel snappy and responsive. For a GPU the tablet uses the PowerVR G6250. The Fire 10 has 2 GB of RAM and comes in two variations for storage 32 and 64 GB but both can accept SD cards of up to 256GB.

The tablet has a VGA front-facing camera and a 2MP rear-facing camera which is capable of 720p video recording. The cameras are definitely the weak point of this tablet and to be frank they terrible to the point of being unusable. However, I have never actually used the camera functionality on any tablet I have owned so this does not really bother me.

The Fire 10 has a 3.5 mm stereo jack and the integrated dual stereo speakers implement Dolby Atmos Audio and they sound great, you can comfortably watch a movie without using headphones.

From a connectivity perspective the Fire 10 has dual-band Wi-Fi and built-in Bluetooth. The tablet has a micro USB connector used for charging the battery and data transfer.

The battery is advertised to last up to 10 hours and after 4 months of daily use I typically get 7-8 hours of usage between charges.

The tablet comes in three color options, red, blue and black and weighs in at around 500 grams.


A customized version of Android, called Fire OS, is used by Amazon on the Fire product range. This means that the default App store for the device is the Amazon App Store, however the Google Play Store can be easily installed to get access to the entire Android app library.

This device is great for content consumption, and this is predominantly what I use it for. From Amazon Prime video, to Kindle Books and Comic books, to Audible Audio Books, to Magazines, to Podcasts this tablet does an exceptional job at offering a convenient way to get access to a vast variety of content.

Since acquiring this tablet, I read significantly more comic books and magazines as I can easily and relatively inexpensively get access to them.

Now given all this, the real surprise of the Fire 10 HD is the price, coming in at $150(USD) if you opt for the Special Offer option, which means ads will be displayed on the lock screen of the device, or alternatively $15(USD) more to remove the ads. And given that the cheapest variation of the latest iPad is over $300 at present, this tablet offers exceptional value.

From a content consumption perspective, the Fire 10 HD is faultless. With access to the entire Amazon library of content, the selection is endless. So, if you are looking for a cheaper alternative to the iPad with a well-established ecosystem, or you are just looking for a convenient way to read your electronic books, comics and magazine the Amazon Fire 10 HD is a perfect choice.